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    What Is Secured Debt?

    A yellow pencil erasing the word, 'Risk.'

    Many people use a personal loan to help them out of a difficult financial situation. They may also use this loan to finance a wedding or take a trip, or so forth. When you begin to learn about personal loans, you’ll uncover several options available to you. One of these options is a secured debt. 

    Secured debt is a type of debt that’s backed by collateral. This helps reduce the risk that’s associated with the lending of funds. If you, the borrower, will default on the repayment of the loan, then the bank can take the collateral, sell it, and use that sum toward repayment of the debt.

    You may have heard of secured personal loans but still wonder what is secured debt. The “secured” in secured debt comes from collateral being considered as a form of security. A different type of loan, an unsecured personal loan, doesn’t function with any collateral. Thus, this is deemed riskier.

    How Does Secured Debt Work?

    Secured debt financing is most often reserved for people with poor creditworthiness. Your credit history and credit score go a long way in determining what kind of loan you’re eligible for and on what terms. Lenders will view borrowers with a poor credit history as less likely to repay their loans. Therefore, these individuals may have fewer options than those with strong credit. 

    When a borrower pursues a secured debt option, it means that the bank will place a lien on collateral. Collateral may be a house, a car, or some other possession of the borrower. That’s where the secured debt definition comes from. 

    Since there’s collateral involved, the interest rate of the loan is often lower than if the loan was unsecured. Not all personal loans will require collateral. Although, it’s an option for the borrower to put forth collateral in order to secure lower interest rates. Lower rates will ease the total cost of the loan over time and affect the monthly payment fee.

    Advantages of Secured Debt 

    Advantages of taking a personal secured loan include: 

    • Lower interest rates than other loans 
    • Quick access to the money you require 
    • For those with healthy finances, this is a relatively low-risk loan 

    Common Types of Secured Debt 

    Secured debt examples can range, but most often include mortgages and auto loans. Why? It all comes back to the issue of collateral. If you can’t pay back your mortgage, the bank will seize your home. If you can’t pay back your car loan, the bank can repossess your car. 

    As long as you make smart financial decisions regarding your loan, you won’t have to worry about your assets being at risk. Collateral is only seized when you’re unable to pay your monthly payment and have no other way of paying your loan back.

    Risk Of Secured Debt 

    It’s crucial to remember that not paying back the loan can result in the loss of your property. Whatever you put up as collateral, you’ll risk losing if you can’t pay back the loan. Be sure to carefully assess your financial situation. This includes reviewing your monthly income, existing and future expenses, and your assets. This will help you predict what your financial situation will look like in the coming years. Additionally, it’ll ensure you don’t take on a loan you can’t repay. 

    Unplanned events happen in life, so also consider unforeseen circumstances as you assess your financial situation.

    Who Should Take A Secured Loan?

    If you find yourself in a dire financial situation and have a poor credit history, then a secured loan might be the best choice for you. Individuals without good credit tend to not have great options when it comes to loans. After all, if your history shows an inability to make payments, then a lender is going to have a harder time trusting you.

    A secured loan can be a great opportunity for borrowers in this situation. You can get the money you need and get low-interest rates. Even though you must put up some collateral, it’s a relatively low-risk way to take out a loan.

    Bottom Line

    Taking out a loan is a serious business. You’ll need to do your due diligence in understanding what you can realistically afford. Moreover, the loan process can be emotional or even confusing. Make sure to enter it with a clear head so that you can effectively determine if you’re the best candidate for a secured loan.